What is the Internet and history of the Internet [PDF]
Internet – Internet stands for International Network, the internet is a worldwide network of the computer that allows millions of people to share information and their ideas by text, video clips, audio, image, etc using their computers across the world. Internet Networks is a 'Network of Networks' that consists of millions of public networks across the global and global scope of local. Basically, a network is a group connected by two or more computer systems.
The Internet began in 1950” s by Vint Cerf and Robert E. Kahn and vint Cerf and Robert E. Kahn is known as the father of the Internet. IP and TCP are the backbones of the Internet and we can’t access the Internet without IP and TCP.
- TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
- IP - Internet Protocol
There is much organization that is responsible for the smooth operation of the internet such as ISOC (Internet Society)
- IAB (Internet Architecture Board)
- IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
- IESG (Internet Engineering Steering Group)
The history of the internet
In fact, long before technology for the creation of the Internet came into existence, many scientists had already anticipated the existence of a worldwide network of information. Nikola Tesla toyed with the idea of a "world wireless system" in the early 1900s, and envisioned mechanized, searchable storage systems of books and media in the 1930s and 1940s, such as Paul Olette and OneNever Bush Visionary thinkers.
Nevertheless, the first practical plans for the Internet did not come until the early 1960s, when MIT's J.C.R. Licklider popularized the idea of a "space network" of computers. Shortly thereafter, computer scientists developed the concept of "packet switching", a method of effectively transmitting electronic data that would later become one of the Internet's major building blocks.
In 1960, The University of California, the University of Utah at Los Angeles was added as the start of the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) using a 50 Kbits circuit. It was the world’s first operational packet switching network. The global of this project was to connect computers at different universities and U.S. Defence.
In 1969, the first message: node-to-node communication from one computer to another was delivered by ARPAnet. The first computer was discovered at a research lab at UCLA and the second at Stanford; each was as the size of a small house. The message - 'Login' was small and simple, although it crashed the ARD network. The first two letters of the note are only received by Stanford computer.
Then in the 1970s after two scientists, Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf developed Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), Then on January 1, 1983, ARPANET adopted Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol. And from there, researchers began assembling the "Network of Networks" that became the modern Internet.
The Internet world became a more recognizable form in 1989 when computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web or WWW. It is a vast collection of information on the Hyperlink Hypertext document called webpage.
- Hyperlink - It is a link i.e. used to navigate from one webpage to another page.
- Hypertext - It is the text which contains the hyperlink.
The National Science Foundation created a new high capacity network called NSFnet which was more capable than ARPANET in the mid-'80s another federal agency. The only limitation of NSFnet was that it allowed only the academic research on its network and not any kind of private business on it. As a result, private organizations and people started working to build their own networks, which were later interconnected with ARPANET and NSFnet to form the internet.