West Bengal Facts: Famous places, Capital and Information

West Bengal is India's fourth-most populous state. It is an Indian state located in eastern region of country along Bay of Bengal. It has an area 88,752 km. The state capital is kolkata, seventh largest city in India. West Bengal borders Bangladesh in east and Nepal and Bhutan in north. The city's colonial landmarks include government buildings and iconic Victorial Memorial, dedicated to Britain's queen. West Bengal is only Indian state which has The Himalayas, The Duars Forests, The Bay of Bengal and innumerable rivers. This is also known as" accident of geography".

West Bengal Facts:

Country India
Established 26 January 1950
Capital Kolkata
Largest City Kolkata
Districts View List


Body Government of West Bengal
chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar
Legislature Unicameral (295 seats)
Parliamentary constituencyrnment 42 in lok sabha, 16 Rajya Sabha
High Court Calcutta high court
Chief Justice Thottathil B. Radhakrishnan
Website www.wb.nic.in

Symbols of West Bengal:

Emblem Biswa Bangla
Language Bengali
Dance Chhau (Gaudiya Nritya )
Tree Alstonia
Animal Fishing Cat
Bird White throat ed Kingfisher
Flower Night flowering Jasmine

Largest city of West Bengal:

Kolkata - Kolkata is largest city and capital of the West Bengal. kolkata is the face of West Bengal, the city offers a glimpse of entire state. From its elegant British Raj building to the sprawling gardens, from its historical colleges to its buzzing nightlife and delicious food to sweets. Kolkata posses one of the finest place to visit in India. Home to a spawning generation of poets, writers, film producers and noble prize winners, the city is cultural capital of country. Kolkata is the only city in country to have tram car network, which adds to its old—world charm.

Famous places of West Bengal:

DARJEELING - It is one of the top hill stations in India and is famous for its lush tea gardens. It is blessed with stunning views of Mount Kanchenjunga. It provides the opportunity to unwind amidst the scenic and serene environ with tea estates, red rhododendrons, white magnolians, birds of different species, Toy-train facilities. Some of its most popular attractions include monasteries, botanical gardens, zoos, Darjeeling-Rangeet Valley Passenger Ropeway Cable car. This region is one of the wettest place in India, so not good to visit during monsoon season.
MANDARMANI - It is famous as longest drivable beach in India. Located about 14 kms from chaulkhola, it is fastest growing tourist attraction. The beach at Mandarmani is perfect spot to watch sunrise, one can also enjoy sports like surfing, jet skiing, bungee trampoline. Several water sports are conducted during Digha-Mandarmani festival held every year in month of January. The objects and ornaments made from sea shells and oysters are available here.
SHANTINIKETAN - The quaint university town of shantiniketan (meaning abode of peace) 4 hrs north west of kolkata is better place ever seen. Shantiniketan is better known as Treasure Trove of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. One of the main attractions in shantiniketan is the Uttarayan complex where Tagore lived. The shantiniketan campus is adorned with splendid sculptures, frescoes, murals and paintings of Rabindranath, Ramkinkar etc. It is also popular for its Baul singers and fairs and festivals. Shantiniketan is well regarded centre for traditional handicrafts such as batik,pottery,weaving and embroidery.

Some facts about Chhau:

It is a semiclassical popular form of Indian dance with Martial, tribal and folk traditions. It is found in 3 styles named after its location where they are performed, purulia chhau of Bengal, Seraikella chhau of Jharkhand, Mayurbhanj chhau of Odisha. According to certain "chhau" is derived from the Sanskrit word "chhaya" which essentially means masks, shadow or image. The chhau dance originates in Purulia district in West Bengal and draws inspiration from Martial arts. This form of dance is a means to portray stories to audience. The story revolves around two great epics - Ramayan and Mahabharat. The dance is usually performed during important ceremonies that have a strong religious significance as Gajan Festival. These dancers are performed on floor or stages with audience sitting in a circle around them to watch.

The style and variety of costume largely depends on characters portrayed by them. There are 3 types of characters - God, Goddesses, demons and monsters. Purulia chhau Dance is not just a performance of dancers enacting religious epics, musicians play large role in making the recital come to life as well. Three main types of Indian instruments accompany the performance, these are dhol, shehnai, dhamsa. The costume plays vital role in this performance as purulia chhau dance is known for its costumes. The male dancers wear brightly coloured dhotis with matching kurta on top. The costumes are very heavy and vast amount of jewellery is worn. Female dancers wear beautiful colourful sarees.

National parks of West Bengal:

Gorumara National park Neora Valley National park
Sundarban National park Singalila National park

Wildlife sanctuaries of West Bengal:

Buxa wildlife sanctuary Chapramari wildlife sanctuary
Haliday wildlife sanctuary Mahananda wildlife sanctuary
West Sunderban wildlife sanctuary Lothian island wildlife sanctuary
Ballavpur wildlife sanctuary Senchal wildlife sanctuary
Sajnakhali wildlife sanctuary

West Bengal MAP:

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