Important Facts About Odisha

Important Facts About Odisha

Facts About Odisha: 

Odisha is the state of India. It is the 9th largest state of India, is known for its tribal cultures and it’s many ancient Hindu Temples. The state has an area of 155,707 km2, Odisha is located on East coast of India, facing the Bay of Bengal. Long ago Odisha was the part of Bihar. It got the recognition was a new state on 1 April 1936 During the British period. The foundation day of Odisha also known as “Utkal Divas”. It celebrated every year on the 1st day of April. The capital city, Bhubaneswar is the largest city of Odisha and Bhubaneswar was the 1st smart city of India. Odisha is surrounded by West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.

Government:

Body Government of Odisha
chief Minister Naveen Patanik (BJD )
Governor Ganeshi Lal
Legislature Unicameral (147 seats)
Parliamentary constituencyrnment 21 Lok Sabha, 10 Rajya SabhaHigh Court
High Court Odisha High Court, Cuttack
Website www.odisha.gov.in

Famous places in Odisha:

PURI– The Jagannath temple of puri is a popular Hindu temple of lord jagannath, a form of lord Vishnu.  The temple was built by the king Anatavarman chodaganga in the twelve century.  The puri temple is famous for its annual Ratha yatra. In this festival three deities are placed on huge and elaborately decorated temple cars and pulled. Jagganath, Balabhadra, Subhadra are three deities worshipped at that temple including statues of Sudarshan Chakra,Madanmohan etc. Inside the temples contains statues of these three gods carved from sacred neem tree known as daru sitting on jewelled platform,Ratnabedi.
The deities are adorned with different clothes in different season. The Nila Chakra is present on top sikhar of the Temple. The flag present on the Nila Chakra is distinct from Sudarshan Chakra which has been placed inside temple.
The Singhdwara or Lion gate is one of the four gates to temple and forms the main entrance. The gate face east opening on the top of the Bada danda. The Baisi Pahacha or twenty two steps leads into temple complex. An idol of jagannath known as Patitapavana is painted on right side of entrance. The statue of goddess Lakshmi is carved at the top of door. A pillar known as Aruna Stambha stands in front of gate. Many devotees from different countries come here to get the blessing of lord jagannath.

Konark– Konark Sun temple is a thirteen century CE Sun temple at konark from puri. The temple was built by king Narasingha deva dedicated to the Hindu sun god Surya.  This pilgrimage site for Hindus is located near Chandrabhaga.  The name Konark derived from "kona" and "Arka". Kona means corner refers to Southwest location of this temple and Arka refers to Hindu god Surya. 
Sun temple at konark is also known as Black Pagoda as first ray of sun entered the Garbhagriha. The konark temple represents this iconography on grand scale. It has 24 elaborately carved stone wheel which are nearly 12 feet in diameter and are pulled by a set of 7 horses. When viewed from land during sunrise and sunset the temple appears to emerge from depta of blue sea carrying sun.

Bhubaneswar–  Bhubaneswar is an ancient city in India's eastern state of odisha. The city historically was named as Ekamra Khetra. Although the modern city of Bhubaneswar was established in 1948, the history of present day city can be traced to third century BCE. It is a confluence of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain heritage. Bhubaneswar is often referred to as temple city of India. The Kalinga architecture, with puri and Konark forms "Swarna Tribhuja" or Golden triangle. It is one of the modern cities in India.  Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often called as twin cities of odisha. Many temples built from sandstones are dotted around Bindusagar lake including the most famous Lingaraj Temple.  Many sculptues, weaponery, remains of plants and animals and indigenous pattachita paintings fill the Odisha State Museum. The city never forgets a second of time to attract people towards it.

Symbols of Odisha

Emblem Konark Horse
Language Odia ( ଓଡ଼ିଆ )
Music Bande Utkala Janani
Dance Odissi
Tree Sacred fig
Animal Sambar
Birda Indian Roller
Flower Ashoka

Some Facts About Odissi

The caves of Udayagiri-Khandagiri prpvide some of the earliest examples of Odissi dance. The dance from derives its name from the 'Odra nritya' mentioned in Natya Shastra. In the mid-twentieth century, Odissi gained international acclaim due to the efforts of Charles Fabri and indrani rehman. Some the facts of Odissi are:
  • It is the similar to Bharatnatyam In the use of Mudras and postures to express emotions.
  • The tribhanga posture, i.e. the three-bended from of the body is innate to Odissi dance from. Also the ‘Chowk’ posture with hands spread out depicts masculinity.
  • During the dance, the lower body remains largely static and there is movement of the torso. Hand gestures play an important role to convey expressions during Nritya part.
  • Odissi dance form is unique in its representation of gracefulness, sensuality and nice beauty. The dancers create intricate geometrical shapes and patterns with her body. Hence, it is known as 'mobile sculpture'
Famous Proponents: Guru Pankaj Charana Das, Guru Kelu Charana Mohapatra, Sonal Mansingh, Sharon Lowen ( USA), Myrla Bravie ( Argentina )


Wildlife Sanctuary In Odisha

Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary
Simlipal Wildlife Sanctuary Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Gahirmatha (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Balukhand Konark Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary Chandaka Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary Chilika (Nalaban) Wildlife Sanctuary
Lakhari Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Khalasuni Wildlife Sanctuary Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary



National Parks in Odisha

Bhitarkanika National Park Simlipal National Park

MAJOR ATTRACTIONS IN ORISSA

Bhubaneswar Cuttack Rourkela
Brahmapur Sambalpur Puri
Balasore Bhadrak Baripada
Balangir

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